Preparedness

Negative Effects of Wet Weather

rain

Your Safety:

Dangerous road conditions: There were 907,831 crashes due to wet pavement and 573, 784 crashes due to rain in a ten year average (2005-2014).

Chemical Hazard: Chemicals may have been washed from normal storage places and pose as a hazardous risk to public.

Electrical Hazard: There may be downed power lines hidden beneath water.

Insect Bites: Insects may be displaced after heavy rains and pose a threat. Standing water left by heavy rainfall produce ideal breeding grounds for mosquitoes.

Soil Erosion: Run-off caries fertilizer and other pollutants to large bodies of water and may reduce quality of drinking water. Soil build-up in river/steam; mud or landslides may occur.

Your Health:

Rain helps produce an environment that helps increase the growth of harmful germs and bacteria.

Infectious Disease: Most common: flu, cold, and respiratory infections.

Wound infections: Open wounds/scratches exposed to flood water may become infected.

Diarrheal Illnesses: Drinking/eating anything contaminated by flood water may cause diarrheal illness.

Mold: Flooding can cause household mold if home is not properly aired/dried out.

Preparedness

Protection from Water Damage

NoWaterDropWebHome exterior

  • Caulk and seal windows
    before-after

  • Inspect roof

    • Missing, damaged, aging shingles

    • Debris

  • Check gutters/downspouts

    • Debris

    • Positioned away from home

  • Check sprinklers/irrigation systems

  • Install gutter guards

    gutter

 

Indoor Plumbing System

  • Inspect appliance hose and faucets for cracks and leaks

    • Replace them all every 5-7 years

  • Inspect shower and tub seals and caulking

  • Know location of main water shut-off valve

  • Install emergency pressure release valve

  • Check plumbing and heating pipes

    water control

Preparedness

Landslides

landslide

  • Water rapidly accumulates in the ground changing earth into rapid moving river of mud or “slurry”
  • Occur quickly, and often with little to no warning
    • Stay informed about changes in and around your home that can signal a landslide is likely to occur
  • Able to travel several miles from the source and grow in size as it picks up tress, boulders, cars, and other materials

More information:

https://www.fema.gov/media-library-data/fa6b5d7e2ba787033672ad1afeb04bbb/FEMA_FS_landslides_508.pdf

https://www.cdc.gov/disasters/landslides.html

Preparedness

Picking a Fresh Christmas Tree

treeFresh Christmas trees stay green longer and are less of a fire hazard than dry trees.

Checking for Freshness:

  • Fresh trees are green

  • Fresh needles are hard to pull from branches

  • Fresh needles do not break when bent between fingers

  • Trunk butt is sticky with resin

  • A shower of falling needles when the trunk is bounced on the ground = tree is too dry

 

Caring for Trees:

  • Cut off about 2 inches from the trunk for better water absorption

  • Trim branches as necessary to set trunk in base of stand

  • Keep water filled while tree is indoors.

  • Keep tree away from heat sources; heated rooms dry tree faster

Preparedness

Thanksgiving Safety Tips

12-2-thanksgiving-pngCooking Safety

­Wash hands before and after handling food (and when switching between foods).

Never handle cooked and raw foods together.

Keep cooking and prep surfaces clean.Stay in the kitchen when using the stove.

Stay inside when using the oven and check it frequently.

Keep deep fryers outside, away from walls, and free from moisture.

Avoid dangling accessories or loose clothing around hot surfaces and fires.
Never use water on a grease fire

feast

Food Safety:

Defrost foods properly.

Cook foods immediately after thawing.

Use a thermometer to ensure the turkey cooks well.

Refrigerate food within 2 hours.

Leftovers are safe for 4 days in the refrigerator.

ece8223b58505c881704052129814585--safety-posters-foodborne-illness

 

Traveling Safety:

Check the weather and plan ahead.

Don’t follow other vehicles too closely.

Secure all windows and doors before leaving your home.

Use a designated driver.

Buckle up and don’t use your cell phone while driving.

turkey

More Tips:

http://www.atlantictraining.com/safety-tips/thanksgiving-safety-tips.php

http://www.redcross.org/news/article/Thanksgiving-Safety-Tips

http://www.nfpa.org/Public-Education/By-topic/Seasonal-fires/Thanksgiving-safety

https://www.foodsafety.gov/keep/events/Winter%20Holidays/index.html12-2-thanksgiving-png

Preparedness

Flash Floods

Flash FloodCauses:

  • Heavy rainfall
  • Dam/levee breaks
  • Mudslides

Watch vs. Warning

Watch: flash flood/flooding possible within designated area

Warning: flash flood/flooding is reported or imminent; GET TO HIGHER GROUND

Urban and Small Stream Advisory

Flooding of small streams, streets and low-lying areas is occurring

Flood vs. Flash Flood

Flood: over flow of water onto normally dry land; longer term event that may last several hours to days

Flash Flood: flood caused by heavy or excessive rainfall over a short period of time; may occur without rainfall

Take a Look:

https://youtu.be/UFWAILYJcmI

 

More information:

http://www.nssl.noaa.gov/education/svrwx101/floods/

Preparedness

Flooding

“Turn around, don’t drown.”floodFlooding is the most common natural hazard in Hawai’i.

Do not drive or walk through flood waters!

– It only takes 6 inches of moving water to knock you off your feet.

– 12 inches of water can float a car/small SUV; 18 inches can sweep large vehicles away

Do not drive around barricades!

– Water may be deeper than it looks and may be hiding hazards:

– sharp objects, electrical wires, chemicals, etc.

 

More information available at:

http://www.floodsafety.noaa.gov/states/hi-flood.shtml

Preparedness

#1 Flu Misconception

The flu vaccine gives you the flu.

  • A flu shot cannot give you the flu illnessVaccine
    • They do not contain live/active virus.
  • The most common reactions people have to flu vaccine are considerably less severe than the symptoms caused by the actual flu illness.
    • Side effects of a shot may include soreness, redness, tenderness or swelling where the shot was given. Low-grade fever, headache and muscle aches also may occur.

 

More information and misconceptions at: https://www.cdc.gov/flu/about/qa/misconceptions.htm

Preparedness

Know When to See Your Doctor

drearFour signs to look for:

  • Ear pain, facial pain or tooth pain
  • Vomiting or diarrhea
  • High fever with chest pain, pressure, or difficulty breathing
  • Bothersome and persistent cough for more than 10 days

 

High Risk Group:

  • Pregnantpregnant
  • 5 years and youngerchild
  • 65 years and olderelderly
  • Medical Conditions:
    • Asthma
    • Blood disorders (sickle cell)
    • Chronic lung disease
    • Neurological and neurodevelopmental conditions
    • Heart disease
    • Endocrine disorders (diabetes)
    • Kidney or liver disorders
    • Metabolic disorders
    • Weakened immune system (HIV or AIDS, cancer, chronic steroids)
    • Long term aspirin therapy and under 19 years
    • Extreme obesity (BMI 40 or more)